ELECTRONIC DEVICES - UNIT 8



Let's practise the Future of Intention OR "Going to":
12,45 , 6 ,7 9 101112, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

Listening
1, 2, 3

WE'RE GOING TO THE ZOO - SONG







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INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM DAY - 18th MAY

Every year since 1977, International Museum Day is held worldwide sometime
around 18 May. From
America and Oceania to Europe, Asia and Africa, International Museum Day aims to increase public awareness of the role of museums in developing society.

The theme:  ""Museums and contested histories: Saying the unspeakable in museums".."



The objective of International Museum Day is to raise awareness of the fact that, “Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples.” Organised on and around 18 May each year, the events and activities planned to celebrate International Museum Day can last a day, a weekend or a whole week.
Participation in International Museum Day is growing among museums all over the world. In 2016, more than 35,000 museums participated in the event in some 145 countries.

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FOOD AND DRINK


VOCABULARY


COUNTABLE AND UNCONTABLE


Welcome to Trolley Dash! You have sixty seconds to collect everything on your shopping list. Finish in time and move to the next level.
http://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/en/fun-games/trolley-dash
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WHAT´S FOR DINNER?


FOOD:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

Countable or Uncountable Nouns?: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
What's the best measure word?
A/ an: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Some/Any: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
A, an, some, any:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Plural of Countable Nouns: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
There is/are : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
All of this together!: 1, 2


 Games  How Healthy you are.

Learn to cook:



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EASTER SUNDAY IN MÁLAGA

It is Easter Sunday, the Day of Resurrection; the joyful day of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the Gospels it is modestly told how, on this sunday morning the women visited Jesus' tomb and realised he had come back to life.
The procession of El Resucitado is Malaga's celebration of the resurrection of the Lord and it is the last procession in the Holy Week Malaga. Nazarenes from each and every one of the societies take part together, creating a colorful cortege.
The procession of this day is:




"EL PASO" THE PASSION IN RIOGORDO (MÁLAGA)




Riogordo villagers unite for annual Passion play. Anyone looking for an Easter tradition that is slightly different to the procession may be interested in going to Riogordo to watch the famous "El Paso" passion play the life and death of Christ reenacted in a stunning open air spectacle.



LINK HERE TO WATCH MORE VIDEOS

ASCENT TO MONTE CALVARIO - MALAGA

Next to the Santuario de la Victoria, beginning in calle Amargura, there is a small rise topped with a sanctuary, which the people of Malaga call Mount Calvary. Every Friday during Lent, a Via Cruces is organised that leaves from the San Lázaro Church and re-enacts the fourteen Stations of the Cross. The reason that it leaves from San Lázaro is because the processional brotherhood of Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno de los Pasos en el Monte Calvario (today known by the name of its Virgin, María Santísima del Rocío ) has organised for many years now the Official Stations of the Cross procession in Malaga, with the first Station being precisely that of San Lázaro. Each participant in the Via Cruces carries fourteen stones, which symbolise fourteen sins. The stones are left at each Station, where the corresponding sin is read, symbolising the discharge of sins following repent. The Via Dolorosa finalises at the Sanctuary of the Calvary, headquarters of the processional Brotherhood that bears the same name.

ROYAL BROTHERHOOD OF OUR FATHER JESUS CHRIST OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE AND OUR LADY OF THE SOLITUDE



The brotherhood REAL HERMANDAD DE NUESTRO PADRE JESÚS DEL SANTO SEPULCRO AND NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA SOLEDAD is one of the oldest in Malaga and their house and museum is based close to the Cathedral and enterance to Alcazaba. In the Hall of Thrones there are two genuine “jewels”, of the Semana Santa (Easter) in Andalusia, such as the Throne of Nuestro Padre Jesús del Santo Sepulcro ( Our Father Jesus Christ of the Holy Sepulchre), designed by the artist from Málaga , Moreno Carbonero , and ensembled at the Father Granda's workshop in Madrid. The second remarkable throne of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (Our Lady of the Solitude) was made at Manuel Seco's workshop in 1950.
 The solemn passage of the brotherhood of the sepulchre, considered de facto as the official Brotherhood of the city; the darkness that announces the arrival of the Servite order, order not forming part of the grouping of guilds of Malaga, made his parade processional closing on good Friday. The passage of the throne of Servitas, the smallest of all the Holy week, the lights go off and becomes the silence. All those moments are the tradition of a city which turns on the streets to enjoy his imagery and nights. The end of the Holy week, takes place on Easter Sunday, with the procession called the resurrected by the malacitanos, which includes representations of all the brotherhoods and brotherhoods that make up the group.




GOOD FRIDAY IN MÁLAGA

The day when the glorious Passion of Jesus Christ is celebrated together with his victorious death. Here, the Cross of God is considered the symbol of salvation. Jesus Christ is nailed to the cross between the thieves Dimas and Gestos; after many years of waiting, he can finally fulfil his dreams of redeeming man. Today is the most important of all the days celebrated by the Church.
Silence is the main feature on this day of mouming and reflection of the Holy week in Málaga. Fourteen tronos or floats are paraded through the streets of Málaga as eight different societies carry their sacred images.
The processions of this day are:




CHANGING OF THE GUARD CHRIST OF GOOD DEATH

In the  morning at   Santo Domingo's  church you can see the changing of the guard, which takes about ten minutes in the chapel. This always fascinates, the movements of the guards and their devotion. This is the best free show in Malaga, but occurs only between Monday and Wednesday of Holy Week.



The Spanish Foreign Legion arrives at the port TOMORROW MORNING around 10 am and then they have their fantastic parade downtown at 11 am. For many Malagueños, this is the favorite part of the Holy Week celebrations. The Spanish Legion is very colorful and their march is very fast. Later in the evening they will take part in the procession of the Cristo de Mena, starting at the Santo Domingo Church. When the legionaires start singing their hymn, people start crying because it is so very touching.


 

SPANISH LEGION IN MÁLAGA -CHRIST OF THE GOOD DEATH

One of the highlights in Malaga is Maundy Thursday, when hundreds of Spanish legionnaires arrive from Melilla, a Spanish enclave in north Africa to carry the wooden figure of Cristo de la Buena Muerte (Christ of the Good Death) in the visually stunning Procession of the Cross.

The Spanish Legión (Spanish: Legión Española, La Legión or colloquially El Tercio), formerly Spanish Foreign Legion, is an elite unit of the Spanish Army. Founded as the Tercio de Extranjeros ("Foreigners Regiment"), it was originally intended as a Spanish equivalent of the French Foreign Legion, but in practice it recruited almost exclusively Spaniards. The Spanish Legion's animal mascot is the Legión's goat.

Novio de la Muerte (Bridegroom of Death) is the official hymn and regimental slow march of the Spanish Legion, made in 1921 with words by Juan Costa set to music by Fidel Prado.



MAUNDY THURSDAY IN MÁLAGA


It was on this day that Jesus attended the Last Supper, where he created the Eucharist and washed the feet of his disciples to show that we must clean our hearts. Following the betrayal of Judas, Jesus Christ was arrested, judged before Pontius Pilate, and condemned. The Thursday is without doubt the most popular day of the Holy Week Malaga in terms of attendance, which makes it difficult to get around and find spots that are not too crowded.
- Morning -We suggest that you be at the Malaga port for 11:00 to witness the legionary troops as they arrive in Malaga; these soldiers lift El Cristo de la Buena Muerte onto its processional trono (12:00) and subsequently carry it to the society's procession. After midday, a visit to the temple-museum of the Esperanza society to take a closer look at the tronos of El Nazareno del Paso and La Virgen de la Esperanza on the biggest trono of the world (More than 5 tons of weight and carried by more than 260 members) is a must.
- Afternoon/evening -
We recommend that you head for Calle Carretería at 17:30 to see the departure of the Viñeros society and witness the ceremonial placing of the key in the hand of the Nazarene. Afterwards, at 18:30, make for the Alameda Principal to see the walking catherdrals that are the tronos of La Sagrada Cena and La Virgen de la Paz. At the nearby Puente de Tetuán you can admire the procession of the Congregación de Mena accompanied by the Legion and the Navy. Then, if you can manage to exit the Alameda Principal via a side street, go to Calle San Agustín to follow the sombre cortege of La Santa Cruz until it reaches Plaza de la Merced at around 21:00.

- Night -

After a visit to one of the restaurants in the town centre to sample the wide variety of tapas and dishes on offer, you can enjoy the visual feast provided by La Misericordia in front of the cathedral in Plaza del Obispo. Then, head for the Alameda Principal to witness a unique sight in Malaga's Easter week; the crossing of the processions of La Esperanza and Mena at around 23:50. Afterwards, go to La Tribuna de los Pobres to hear the people of Malaga pay compliments to La Virgen de la Amargura (Zamarrilla) as it returns to its home district. Stay at this spot to receive the blessing of the Nazareno del Paso and accompany La Virgen de la Esperanza on its return home across the carpet of rosemary that now covers the streets of Malaga. And if you still have sufficient strength, head for the church of San Juan to witness the moving departure of the Cristo de la Vera-Cruz on its way to the cathedral.
The processions of the day are:

TRADITIONS AND LEGENDS - ZAMARRILLA THE BANDIT

The story goes that in the times of bandoleers, one of the bandits nicknamed “ El Zamarilla ” was particularly notorious. His misdeeds were many and such was his renown and so dangerous was his band that the bailiffs decided to form a posse and capture him at whatever price. After a number of skirmishes they managed to corner him but “ El Zamarilla ”, rapid and slippery as an eel due to his knowledge of the land, managed to escape, though with the patrol in hot pursuit. After galloping for many leagues with the bailiffs hot on his heels, the bandoleer reached a sanctuary chapel in search of a place to hide.

As it happens the only place he could find was under the cape of a figure of a Virgin Dolorosa that was worshipped there. The bailiffs arrived and though the searched the whole chapel from one end to the other, none of them discovered “ El Zamarilla ” in his original hiding place. Desperate and furious they left to comb the area. A little later, feeling safe, the bandit left his refuge and in improvised thanks for having saved him, he broke off a white rose that grew by the side of the path and pinned it on the breast of the figure, using his own dagger to hold it. At this moment the rose turned scarlet. Terrified, the bandit knelt before the image of the Virgin, begging pardon for his wrongful life and from then on “ El Zamarilla ” became a hermit, coming down from the hills only to visit his beloved Virgin. On one of these occasions he himself was attacked by bandits and though “ El Zamarilla ” still had the vigour of his youth and he put up a fight, he was mortally wounded by one of them before they fled. With great difficulty he managed to reach the door of the sanctuary, carrying in his hand, as he always did, a red rose to offer the Virgin. Before he died his eyes turned towards the Virgin and then he saw that the rose he carried in his hands had turned white. She had pardoned him. Today, Our Lady Virgen de la Amargura continues in the sanctuary called Zamarrilla , She continues to wear a red rose held with a dagger, except on Good Friday when She wears a white rose, pardoning all Mankind for the death of her Son.

HOLY WEDNESDAY IN MÁLAGA "LA PALOMA"

The procession of the Paloma (Dove) is uniquely and pleasurably marked with the release of hundreds of doves

HOLY WEDNESDAY

MORNING
We can start off by visiting the temples of the societies of La Paloma, in Plaza de San Francisco, and Sangre, which is nearby. Heading along Calle Carretería we come to the church of San Juan where we can look on as El Cristo de Animas de Ciegos is carried to its processional trono on the shoulders of paratroopers at 12:00. Finally, we must not forget to call in at the temple-museum of the Expiración society, which houses an art collection of great merit; this visit is an absolute must.

AFTERNOON/EVENING
Our afternoon begins at 16:30 in Plaza de Capuchinos with the departure of Los Salesianos. We shall then head for the church of Santo Domingo to see the Via Crucis of the Congregación de Mena on the streets of the Perchel district at around 18:00. At 19:00 we will cross the Puente de los Alemanes bridge and make for Plaza de Félix Sáenz to admire the dense cortege of the Cofradías Fusionadas. Before taking a rest, we recommend that you attend the traditional ceremony in which a prisoner is freed by the image of Jesús el Rico at 20:30 near Plaza de la Aduana, very close to the Alcazaba.

NIGHT
After keeping our strength up by sampling 'pescaíto frito' (fried fish) and other culinary delights to be found in the old town centre's many bars, we shall head for the Alameda Principal at 21:30 to see the magnificent tronos paraded by the Paloma society, in which doves, the birds that give the society its name, are set free.

Then go to the end of Calle Carretería to witness the vibrant meeting of the tronos carried by the Sangre society at La Tribuna de los Pobres. Finally, we recommend that you try to find a seat in the Alameda Principal in order to enjoy the procession of La Expiración and appreciate both the components of its cortege and the immense artistry of its tronos. If you wish to see one of the tronos returned to its temple, we suggest you watch El Rico in Calle Cister at about 01:00.

The processions of this day are:




HOLY TUESDAY

La Victoria church plays a key role today as three of the six societies whose Malaga processions take place on Holy Tuesday come from this typical district of the city.
MORNING
The morning offers a chance to admire the work of the gardeners of the city's park in the shape of the mantle of natural flowers made for La Virgen de las Penas, which can be viewed at the church of San Julián in Calle Nosquera. A visit to the temples of the La Sentencia, Rescate and Rocío societies will enable the visitor to take a closer look at their tronos.
AFTERNOON/EVENING
We recommend that you set off early (17:15) for the Victoria district to see the procession of El Rocío making its way through the Jardín de los Monos and on to Plaza de la Merced along Calle Victoria. If we stay in this area, at 19:00 we will be able to see the procession of El Rescate in the narrow Calle Aguas and appreciate its colourful cortège, the beauty of its patrimony and its unique float with its gothic-style Virgin.
In nearby Plaza de la Merced, you will be able to see the procession of La Sentencia at 20:00 in the attractive architectural setting provided by Picasso's birthplace and the monument erected in memory of General Torrijos.
NIGHT
We suggest that you sample one of the many typical dishes on offer in the old town centre before continuing. Get to Plaza del Obispo by 21:30 to admire the efforts of the members of the Nueva Esperanza society in front of the main façade of the cathedral. From here, you can head towards the heart of 16th-century Malaga, Calle San Agustín, to enjoy the procession of Las Penas at around 23:00.
Afterwards, we will make for the Alameda Principal to see the procession of La Humillación, which parades the oldest of all Malaga's Easter floats. To finish off Holy Tuesday, meet up with El Rocío as it comes back to the district to be returned to its temple amidst great popular fervour.
The processions of this day are:



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HOLY MONDAY

Throughout Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of Holy Week, Jesus Christ continues his work, conscious of the irremediable end that is about to come. In the Holy Week the last week of Jesus' life continues to be remembered.
The processions of this day are of greatest contrast in Holy Week in málaga, since each of the six societies that carry their eleven floats or tronos has a most individual style.
The processions of the day are:
                                                                       Crucifixión
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PALM SUNDAY

Palm Sunday marks the start of Holy Week. It reminds Christians of the journey Jesus made into Jerusalem on a donkey. Jesus was going there to celebrate the Jewish festival of Passover (Pesach). Jesus chose a donkey to show that he had come in peace. On that day many people welcomed Jesus by shouting, waving palm branches and throwing branches down in the path of the donkey. They hoped that Jesus was the Saviour who the Bible had promised.

Palm Sunday is both a happy and sad day. Christians are happy because they are singing praises to Jesus but also sad because they know Jesus died less than a week after his arrival in Jerusalem.

In churches on Palm Sunday Christians are given small palm crosses made from palm leaves. Left over palm crosses are kept to be burnt so that their ashes can be used in a special service on the first day of Lent (Ash Wednesday) the following year. This ash is put on people’s foreheads.

Seven Easter societies stage their processions of Málaga in Palm Sunday parading a total of twelve shoulder-borne floats or tronos. Excitement and colour are the watchwords on this first day of Holy Week of Málaga.
The processions of this day are:

THE MEANS OF TRANSPORT




The means of transport

1, 2, , 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17



PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS

"Jealous Guy" is a song by John Lennon from The
Beatles. Jealous is an adjective that describes a person
who wants what other people have.

The song is good to practice English because it uses the
past continuous.


Listen to the music video and try the listening exercise.









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SPRING EQUINOX - 20TH MARCH

As the Earth travels around the Sun in its orbit, the north to south position of the Sun changes over the course of the year due to the changing orientation of the Earth's tilted rotation axes. The dates of zero tilt of the Earth's equator correspond to the Spring Equinox and Autumn Equinox.

What are Equinoxes?
Equinoxes occur when the axis of rotation of the earth (i.e. the line form the N to S poles) is exactly parallel to the direction of motion of the earth around the sun. This happens on just two days of the year, the spring and autumn equinoxes. This means that day length is exactly the same (12 hours) at all points on the earth's surface on these days (except right at each pole, where it will be about to change from permanent light to dark, or vice versa).


Where does the name Equinox come from?
The name is derived from the Latin aequus (equal) and nox (night), because at the equinox the night and day are nearly equally long.

How many times a year does a Equinox occur?
Equinoxes occur twice a year.

The Spring Equinox
The Spring Equinox is the first day of spring season and occurs when the sun passes the equator moving from the southern to the northern hemisphere. The North Pole begins to lean toward the sun again.
Day and night have approximately the same length.
Spring Equinox is near 20 March.
The posh name for Spring Equinox is Vernal Equinox.

Did you know?
Equinoxes do not always occur on the same day each year, and generally will occur about 6 hours later each year, with a jump of a day (backwards) on leap years.

Why do the equinoxes not always occur on the same day each year?
The reason is due to the time the Earth takes to go around the Sun and our calendar.
The Earth takes approximately 365.25 days to go around the Sun, yet our year is 365 days. Every 4 years, we have a leap year where another day is added to our calendar to make up for the 4 missing quarters. It is important to do this so that there is not a gradual drift of date through the seasons.

For the same reason the precise time of the equinoxes are not the same each year. x_3bfa6ee9

ST PATRICK'S DAY -17th MARCH

HAPPY  ST PATRICKS DAY...









Find out more about St Patrick's and Ireland while doing activities:

12345

Vocabulary: 123456, 7, 8, 9, 10

Jumbled sentences: 1234 , 5


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MARCH 8th: INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY


International Women's Day 2017 Theme:

Be Bold For Change






March is Women's History Month in some countries
and March, 8 is, as you know, International Women's Day,
a date worth celebrating, don't you think?
How many famous women have you heard of?
and I don't mean "celebrities" but rulers, writers, scientists, etc.
Famous women: 1, 2, 3, 4
List of Women writers: 1, 2
List of Women scientists: 1, 2, 3
Women who left their "stamps" on History




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St. DAVID'S DAY - THE NATIONAL DAY OF WALES

When is St. David's Day?Where is wales
St David's Day is on 1 March.
St David's Day is celebrated in Wales on 1 March, in honour of St David (Dewi Sant), the patron saint of Wales.
What does the flag of St David look like?

This is the flag of St David. It is not the flag of Wales


Who was St David?
St David (Dewi Sant was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop, who lived in the sixth century. He spread the word of Christianity across Wales.
The most famous story about Saint David tells how he was preaching to a huge crowd and the ground is said to have risen up, so that he was standing on a hill and everyone had a better chance of hearing him.

What is the national emblems of Wales?
daffodilThe national emblems of Wales are daffodils and leeks.
St David's Day is commemorated by the wearing of daffodils or leeks. Both plants are traditionally regarded as national emblems.

The Leek
leeksThere are many explanations of how the leek came to be adopted as the national emblem of Wales. One is that St David advised the Welsh, on the eve of battle with the Saxons, to wear leeks in their caps to distinguish friend from the enemy. Shakespeare mentions in Henry V, that the Welsh archers wore leeks at the battle of Agincourt in 1415.

What is Wales' National Dress?
On St David's Day, some children in Wales dress in their national costume, which consists of a tall black hat, white frilled cap and long dress. The national flag of Wales, depicting a fiery red dragon (Y Ddraig Goch) against a green and white background, is also flown.
What is the Naional Flag of Wales?
What is the Naional Flag of Wales?